PHPA for brine drilling
Partially Hydraulised PolyAcrylamide-PHPA is an encapsulating polymer that is normally used in conjunction with potassium chloride to provide a high degree of shale inhibition. The polymer is anionic, attaches itself to the positively charged edges of clay platelets, thus binding the particles together. It can inhibit cuttings dispersion to make solids removing easily and effectively. The adsorbed polymer also lowers the speed of water penetration into shale. Thus improving well bore stability. Partially Hydraulised PolyAcrylamide-PHPA is not adversely affected by common contaminants. However, simultaneous high-temperature/high-PH conditions should be avoided, as polymer hydrolysis can release traces of ammonia gas. Partially Hydraulised PolyAcrylamide-PHPA is added as a treatment for the cuttings and the sides of the well bore, and should be added on a regular basis while drilling shale sections.
It is a co-polymer of anionic character and high molecular weight. It is a water-soluble polymer, which is primarily used as a highly efficient fluid loss reducer, viscosifier and protective colloid for shale's and cutting in fresh water, calcium, sodium brines and KCL mud systems. It is compatible with most of the drilling fluid products, biopolymers, PAC, CMC etc. It maintains hole stability by preventing shale swelling and erosion.
The PHPA has been used successfully for over 20 years to stabilize sloughing shales in fresh, KCl and salt water based drilling fluids. The PHPA offers a high activity product in a low viscosity, easy to handle product.
It functions as an inhibitor by coating or encapsulating formation & cuttings.
It also restricts the interaction of water hydratable & dispersible shale's.
It can be used as a flocculent in clear water drilling.
It also provides inhibition properties to fresh water, sea water and also in presence of calcium ions.
High viscosity of this drilling fluid helps in better removal of cuttings from bore hole.
Better shell stabilization prevents water loss through cracks and fissures...
CAS number for PAM: 9003-05-8
|Appearance:||Off-White Granular Powder|
|Particle Size:||20-100 mesh|
|Solid Content:||89% Minimum|
|Bulk Density:||About 0.8|
|Specific Gravity at 25°C:||1.01-1.1|
|Recommended Working Concentration:||0.1-0.5%|
|Storage Temperature (°C):||0 - 35|
Anionic polyacrylamide polymer Packing:
25kg/plastic enhanced paper bags with inner plastic bag, 25kg/PE bags